psychology

/psychology

August 2010

Top 100 Psychological Words & Meaning

By |2019-09-08T16:12:41+05:30August 19th, 2010|agression, anxiety, behaviour, cognition, consciousness, counseling therapy, gestalt, hypnotherapy, introversion, mental health, mental illness, mind, phobias, psychology, strain, stress free, yozen therapy|

Words/Term

Meaning

Absolute threshold
Intensity level at which one can detect a stimulus 50% of the time
Action potential
The electrical process by which information is transmitted the length of an axon
Aggression
Overt or suppressed hostility, either innate or resulting from continued frustration and directed outward or against oneself
Anxiety disorders
Mental problems characterized mainly by anxiety. They include panic disorder, specific phobias, and obsessive compulsive disorders.
Associationism
Any of several theories that explain complex psychological phenomena as being built up from the association of simple sensations, stimuli and responses, or other behavioral or mental elements considered as primary
Attachment
Theory developed by Harlow; types include secure and insecure
Attitude
A relatively enduring evaluation of a person or thing; Asch demonstrated that this doesn’t always match one’s behavior
Attribution theory
Way of explaining others’ behavior by either one’s disposition or one’s situation
Avoidance learning
Avoidance learning is the process by which an individual learns a behavior or response to avoid a stressful or unpleasant situation.
Behavior
A perspective on psychology that sees psychology as an objective science without reference to mental states
Binocular depth cues
Retinal disparity and convergence which enable people to determine depth using both eyes
Central nervous system
 Consists of the brain and the spinal cord
Cerebellum:
Brain structure that controls well-learned motor activities like riding a bike
Cerebral cortex
The fabric of interconnecting cells that blankets the brain hemispheres; the brain’s center for information processing and control
Cerebral hemispheres
Either of the two symmetrical halves of the cerebrum, designated right and left; in mammals, the cerebral hemispheres are connected by the corpus callosum, a transverse band of nerve fibers
Classical conditioning
Method of learning in which a neutral stimulus can be used to elicit a response that is usually a natural response to a stimulus
Cognitive development
Is defined as thinking, problem solving, concept understanding, information processing and overall intelligence
Cognitive dissonance theory
A highly motivating state in which people have conflicting cognitions, especially when their voluntary actions conflict with their attitudes
Conditioned stimulus
In classical conditioning, a previously neutral stimulus that comes to elicit he conditioned response
Conditioned reflex
A new or modified response elicited by a stimulus after conditioning, also known as a conditioned response
Conformity
Adjusting behavior to meet a group’s standard
Consciousness
One’s awareness of one’s environment and oneself
Contrast
The phenomenon that when two different but related stimuli are presented close together in space and/or time they are perceived as being more different than they really are
Control group
Subjects in an experiment who do not receive application of the independent variable but are measured nonetheless for the dependent variable
Correlation coefficient
A positive one near 1.0 indicates two variable are positively related; a negative number indicates a negative relationship; zero indicates no relationship
Correlational method
A type of research that is mainly statistical in nature; also, correlational studies determine relationship between two variables
Dendrite
A branch off the cell body of a neuron that receives new information from other neurons
Deoxyribonucleic acid
The complex substance that is the main carrier of genetic information for all organisms and a major component of chromosomes
Dependent variable
The variable that the experimenter measures at the end of the experiment
Depression
A psychiatric disorder characterized by an inability to concentrate, insomnia, loss of appetite, feelings of extreme sadness, helplessness, etc.
Depth perception
An ability that we exercise by using both monocular and binocular cues
Determinism:
The scientific doctrine that all occurrences in nature take place in accordance with natural laws
Developmental stages:
Periods of life initiated by significant transitions or changes in psychical or psychological functioning
Distance cues
In order to receive information from the environment we are equipped with sense organs e. g. eye, ear, nose; each sense organ is part of a sensory system which receives sensory inputs and transmits sensory information to the brain
Ego
The Latin for “I”; in Freud’s theories, the mediator between the demands of the id and the superego
Electroencephalograph
A method of representation of brain waves
Empiricism
A system of acquiring knowledge that rejects all o priori knowledge and relies solely upon observation, experimentation, and induction
Etiology
The study of the causes for and origin of any phenomena, also spelled aetiology.
Evolution
A perspective that stresses the value of behavior in Darwinian terms
Experimental group
In an experiment, the group that is exposed to the treatment, that is, to one version of the independent variable
Extinction
In classical conditioning, the process of eliminating the previously acquired association of the conditioned stimulus and conditioned response
Extroversion
One of the Big Five, a personality trait orients one’s interests toward the outside world and other people, rather than inward
Forgetting curve
A graph plotting the amount of retention and forgetting over time for a certain batch of material, such as list of syllables; a typical curve is steep first, becoming flatter as time goes on
Free association
A clinical technique of psychoanalysis devised by Sigmund Freud
Free recall
An individual attends to previously processed stimuli (i.e. words, sounds, numbers, etc) and uses subjective organization to retrieve the memories in categories
Frequency
A theory of hearing which states that the rate of nerve impulses traveling up the auditory nerve matches the tone’s frequency
Functionalism
William James’s school of thought that stressed the adaptive and survival value of behaviors
Gestalt
A German word for “whole”, it refers to our tendency to perceive incomplete figures as complete
Gestalt Psychology
Sought to understand how the brain works by studying perception, arguing that percepts consist of meaningful wholes (in German, Gestalts)
Hypothesis
 A prediction of how the an experiment will turn out
Id
In Freud’s conception, the repository of the basic urges toward sex and aggression
Independent variable
 A type of variable manipulated by the experimenter
Information processing
Humans accomplish this either in parallel (unconsciously) or in serial fashion (consciously)
Instrumental behavior
Is a concept stemming from the Behaviorist movement, which asserts that disorders are learned responses to traumatic experiences
Intelligence
The ability to learn from experience, to use information, to understand things
Intelligence quotient
The average is 100; there are many definitions of this attribute, including multiple and crystallized
Introversion
A personality trait that signifies that one finds energy from internal sources rather than external ones
Just noticeable difference
The threshold at which one can distinguish two stimuli that are of different intensities, but otherwise identical
Law of effect
Thorndike’s rule that behaviors which have positive outcomes tend to be repeated
Long term memory
Refers to memory that is stored effectively in the brain and may be accessed over an extended period of time
Longitudinal research
A type of study in which one group of subjects is followed and observed (or examined, surveyed, etc.) for an extended period of time (years)
Meaning
Meaning is communicated through the use of language, (and has to do with the distribution of signs in sign relations (symbols), while in a relationship between ontology and truth, and as a reference or equivalence)
Mental illness
A psychological or physiological pattern that occurs in an individual and is usually associated with distress or disability that is not expected as part of normal development or culture.
Mental imagery
A mental representation that mirrors or resembles the thing it represents; mental images can occur in many and perhaps all sensory modalities
Nature vs. nurture
The long-standing discussion over the relative importance of nature (heredity) and nurture (environment) in their influence on behavior and mental processes
Neocortex
The newer portion of the cerebral cortex that serves as the center of higher mental functions for humans.
Neurotransmitter
A chemical that is released by a neuron for the purpose of carrying information across the gaps (synapses) between neurons
Normal distribution
Describes a symmetrical, bell shaped curve that shows the distribution of many physical and psychological attributes
Obedience
Is a form of social influence where an individual acts in response to a direct order from another individual, who is usually an authority figure
Operant conditioning
A method of influencing behavior by rewarding desired behaviors and punishing undesired ones
Origins of Species
Book by Charles Darwin where he discusses the theory of “natural selection of spices,” where he coined the term “survival of the fittest”
Personality
A consistent pattern of thinking, acting, feeling
Phobias
A group of anxiety disorders involving a pathological fear of a specific object or situation
Placebo effect
Phenomenon that some people get better even though they receive not medication but an inert substance which should have no medical effect
Positive reinforcement
A stimulus presented after a response and increasing the probability of that response happening again
Prejudice
A negative attitude formed toward an individual or group without sufficient experience with the person or group
Pro-social behavior
Positive, constructive, helpful behavior; the opposite of antisocial behavior
Psychoanalytic theory
Freud’s personality theory, basis for his therapeutic technique called Psychoanalysis
Psychosis
A disorder involving profound disturbances in perception, rational thinking, or affect
Psychosomatic disorder
Condition in which psychological stresses adversely affect physiological (somatic) functioning to the point of distress.
Psychotherapy
Psychotherapy is a general term for a process of treating mental and emotional disorders by talking about your condition and related issues with an educated, trained and licensed professional
Rehearsal
The conscious repetition of information, either to maintain it in consciousness or to encode it for storage
Reinforcement
Is an increase in the strength of a response following the change in environment immediately following that response
Right hemisphere
The cerebral hemisphere to the right of the corpus callosum that controls the left half of the body
Sample
Sampling is the process of selecting units (e.g., people, organizations) from a population of interest so that by studying the sample we may fairly generalize our results back to the population from which they were chosen.
Semantic memory
A subdivision of declarative memory that stores general knowledge, including the meaning of words and concepts
Serial position function
Refers to the concept of “magic seven,” which stipulates that people normally remember the first seven items on a list, for example, after which recall they start forgetting the following items
Short-term memory
A system for temporarily storing and managing information required to carry out complex cognitive tasks such as learning, reasoning, and comprehension.
Significance level
The probability of a false rejection of the null hypothesis in a statistical test; also known as level of significance
Social influence
Is the change in behavior that one person causes in another, intentionally or unintentionally, as a result of the way the changed person perceives themselves in relationship to the influencer, other people and society in general
Socialization
The process by which children learn the behaviors, attitudes, and expectations required of them by their society or culture
Traits
A stable personality characteristics that are presumed to exist within the individual and guide his or her thoughts and actions under various conditions
Unconscious
In classical Freudian theory, the psychic domain of which the individual is not aware but that houses memories, desires, and feelings that would be threatening if brought to consciousness
Unconscious motivation
Having a desire to engage in an activity but being consciously unaware of the desire
Visual depth perception
The ability to perceive spatial relationships, especially distances between objects, in three dimensions
Courtesy: Web World

YoZen Mind – The Total cure for all Psychological challenges!

By |2019-09-08T16:12:41+05:30August 12th, 2010|counseling, hypnotherapy, mental health, mental illness, Mind cure, psycho challenges, psychology, stress free, total cure, yozen therapy|

YOZEN Mind
Life, Psychology & Meditation.
The Total cure for all Psychological challenges!
The Ultimate way to Self-realization!
The real path leads to Higher stage in Meditation!
The way of living your Life!
Is this your Problem?
Dis-interest in studies
Lack of Concentration.
Absent mindedness
Shyness
Exam fear
Interview Fear
Inferiority complex
phobias (1000s of fear without reason)
Guilt feeling/ Self Pity
Undue Anger
Illusions/Delusions.
Suicidal feeling
OCD/ Obsessive Cleanliness.
Insomnia ( sleeplessness)
Anxiety/Depression
Stress/Tension
Stammering/ Female voice
What is Yozen Therapy?
Yozen Therapy is the combination of Indian Yogic and Zen mind methodologies.
An absolute new science of Mind found and practicing by Guru Mohan BalKrishna for more than 15 years and has cured / heightened the awareness for more than 10,000 participants.
He declares that any one can succeed in Life and live happily provided His/Her past negative engrams / impressions could be wiped out from the hidden sub-conscious mind. Yozen Therapy is an answer to all mind-related-issues, insanities, psychoses, neuroses, compulsions, repressions and social derangements. Yozen Therapy is the fastest remedy of all existing methods in the world and it invariably cures, ruling out, delete the insanities/malfunctioning of Mind.
Yozen Therapy, what it does:
1.    Yozen Therapy is an organized Science of Mind built on definite principles
      and natural laws of human mind like any other physical sciences.
2.   Yozen Therapy contains a therapeutic technique with which can be treated
      all inorganic mental illnesses and all organic psycho-somatic disorders with assurance of complete cure in unselected cases.
3.   Yozen Therapy produces a condition of ability and rationality for both man and woman well in advance of the current norm, enhancing rather than destroying his/her vigor and personality.
4.   Yozen therapy gives a complete insight into the full potentialities of the mind, discovering them to be well in excess of past supposition.
5.   The basic nature of the Man is discovered in Yozen Therapy, and it can be
brought into action in any individual completely.
6.   A particular source of mental derangement is discovered and demonstrated
      on a clinical or laboratory basis by Yozen Therapy.
7.   The extent, storage capacity and recallability of the human memory is
      finally established in Yozen Therapy.
8.   With Yozen Therapy ends the “necessity” of destroying the brain by shock,
 surgery or any lengthy consumption of tablets.
9.   Yozen Therapy removes the undue fears, anxieties and guilt feelings
      altogether that results in balancing the mind and freeing from any type of
      ‘emotional bondage’ and slavery to any great people/pseudo organizations.
10.  Yozen Therapy make the people “Self-realized” and understand the goal of
Life and the beauty of it.
What is mind? What is its role in our Life?
Mind is the master of our Life!
If our Mind is not strong and positive, life would never be happy and successful !
The Mind only brings fame, money and prestige to every human being, not the physical body!
Are we living our life worthy?
If one is affected psychologically Life would be utterly meaningless though he/she acquires wealth, health, status etc.
Most of us are living our life just for the sake of living it. We do not know the real meaning and real Happiness of Life!
Our inner mind is constantly craving for recognition and appreciation from others for temporary happiness.
This craving starts from our childhood and grows till our last breathe.
Atlast we feel this life as a boring one and then get totally immersed into a kind of depressions and anxieties for ever.
At one stage we hate everyone at home, in friendship, in the office etc, and finally hated by all.
Some times we feel more fearful, confused and low-esteemed for some invisible root and causes hidden in our “Inner-Mind”.
That is why we could not involve fully in to education / career / business and bound to fail in all our efforts.
What is mind? What is its role in our Life?
Mind is the master of our Life!
If our Mind is not strong and positive, life would never be happy and successful !
The Mind only brings fame, money and prestige to every human being, not the physical body!
What kind of person can undergo in to Yozen Therapy?
There is no special kind of Yozen patients as such. Yozen patients range in age from 12 to 48 with the greatest percentage in the mid-twenties. Their occupations vary from spiritualists to professionals of all kinds, including many psychologists and people in this art. Patients come from all religious backgrounds and from all parts of our country and from many states for the past 15 years. The great bulk of Yozen patients have had their previous therapy ranging from Psychoanalysis, Hypnotherapy, Gestalt therapy, Transactional analysis etc..etc.. for many years!
After the patient completed Yozen Therapy, what is he like?
He/She functions in a new way. He become very much normal and is interested in his self rather than satisfying and thinking of others. The normal does not feel lonely and never need to surround him with people or to join some clubs. He never exaggerates, over reacts or under reacts with any one. He gives true reactions appropriately to the situations and context.
The Yozen people are normally normal and stable.
They are content to be just where they are and do not have to imagine that real life is ‘out-there-some where’. The real or normal Yozen people will not have continuing relationship with unreal people. The neurotic is not likely to continue a relationship where his/her neurotic needs are not being served /addressed.  The unreal people tend to seek out those individuals who share this kind of unreal ideas and attitudes. Yozen normal is not interested in the exploitation of others and the unrealistic needs either.
Yozen normal would be neither jealous nor guilt-ridden. After Yozen Therapy they do always see in full color, hear in full tone, or sense at the optimum with their organs of smell, taste, tactile and organic sensation. Then Yozen normal perceives the present and facing the reality of Life as it is. He/she never fantasizes but thinks and reacts in the normal way and leads his/her life to the optimum positive level.
Yozen Therapy is bridging the gap between your Aspiration and Ability!
Yozen Therapy gives you the fresh breathe and fresh mind!
Yozen Therapy, the ONLY solution for all mind related issues !!

June 2010

Control Stress!

By |2019-09-08T16:12:41+05:30June 16th, 2010|anxiety, psychology, stress management|

Controlling your stress is important to your mental and physical health. 
Unrelenting stress can turn to distress.
Stress is the body’s reaction to any change that requires a physical, mental, or emotional adjustment or response.
Stress is a normal part of life.
Many events that happen to you and around you — and many things that you do to yourself — put stress on your body.
Some stress can be good. It keeps us alert, motivated, and ready to avoid danger. But too much stress can make us sick.

How Does Stress Affect Your Health?

The body’s autonomic nervous system has a built-in stress response
that causes physiological changes to allow the body to combat stressful situations.
This stress response, also known as the “fight or flight response,”
is activated in case of an emergency.
However, this response can become chronically activated during
prolonged periods of stress, which can cause wear and tear on the body —
both physical and emotional.
Stress that continues without relief can lead to a condition called distress — a negative stress reaction. Distress can disturb the body’s internal balance or equilibrium,
leading to physical symptoms such as headaches, an upset stomach,
elevated blood pressure, chest pain, sexual dysfunction, and problems
sleeping. Emotional problems can also result from distress.
These issues included depression, panic attacks or other forms of anxiety and worry.
Research suggests that stress also can bring on or worsen certain symptoms or diseases. Stress is linked to six of the leading causes of death: heart disease, cancer, lung ailments, accidents, cirrhosis of the liver, and suicide.
Stress also becomes harmful when people engage in the compulsive
use of substances or behaviors to try to relieve their stress.
These substances or behaviors may include food,
alcohol, tobacco, drugs, gambling, sex, shopping, and the Internet.
Rather than relieving the stress and returning the body to a relaxed state,
these substances and compulsive behaviors tend to keep the body in a
stressed state causing more problems. The distressed person becomes
trapped in a vicious circle.

How do you find out the signs of Your Stress?

Chronic stress can wear down the body’s natural defenses,
leading to a variety of physical symptoms, including:
  • Dizziness or a general feeling of “being out of it”
  • General aches and pains
  • Grinding teeth, clenched jaw
  • Headaches
  • Indigestion or acid reflux symptoms
  • Increase in or loss of appetite
  • Muscle tension in neck, face or shoulders
  • Problems sleeping
  • Racing heart
  • Cold and sweaty palms
  • Tiredness, exhaustion
  • Trembling/shaking
  • Weight gain or loss
  • Upset stomach, diarrhea
  • Sexual difficulties

Tips to reduce Your Stress:

People can learn to manage stress and lead happier, healthier lives.
Here are some tips to help you keep stress at bay.
  • Keep a positive attitude.
  • Accept that there are events that you cannot control.
  • Be assertive instead of aggressive. Assert your feelings, opinions, or beliefs instead of becoming angry, defensive, or passive.
  • Learn and practice relaxation techniques; try meditation, yoga, or tai-chi.
  • Exercise regularly. Your body can fight stress better when it is fit.
  • Eat healthy, well-balanced meals.
  • Learn to manage your time more effectively.
  • Set limits appropriately and say no to requests that would create excessive stress in your life.
  • Make time for hobbies and interests.
  • Get enough rest and sleep. Your body needs time to recover from stressful events.
  • Don’t rely on alcohol, drugs, or compulsive behaviors to reduce stress.
  • Seek out social support. Spend enough time with those you love.
  • Seek treatment with a psychologist or other mental health professional trained in stress management or biofeedback techniques to learn more healthy ways of dealing with the stress in your life.

Courtesy: Web World

June 2009

Find out a Good Hypnotherapist. Go Fast!!

By |2019-09-08T16:12:41+05:30June 11th, 2009|psychology, Uncategorized|

Mr. Chezhian (my assumed name)!

Thank you for allowing me to put that case..which may enlighten some of our friends here!

Dear friend! From your statements I could figure out her problems to certain level. She might have been an “OCD” patient only, if she cleans up the floor, utensils or her hands & parts as often. This cleaning habit comes mostly for the patients who feel some guilt buried in to their sub-conscious mind. And the event or things caused the so-called guilt may not be worth considering, through the perception of the society.

But for them, in your case the lady who seems to be childish in nature, might be hurting one for her. And the Iron deficiency, your 3rd point, does not ever make the people to behave strangely and suspecting the dear friends as the “under cover police officers” either. Iron deficiency causes only the biological symptoms and never such psychological disorders. And your 8th point clearly says that she had severely suffered and affected by the unfriendly and prejudiced people in the past. The problem with this kind of OCD people is, they would not be amicable with others and they usually lacking the sociability.

They are childish in their mental growth to at least some degree due to the depression formed in the child hood days by the parents, teachers or the society. They might have seen or experienced some indigestible events in their earlier periods, which should have caused unbearable pain and an irreparable loss to their Sub-conscious mind. One thing is for sure, she is badly in need of a good hear-ted being to unburden herself. But at the same time from your 5th point it is subtle, that due to her inferiority complex instead of revealing it openly to you that how much you need to her, she goes in reversible way that she need not meet you and continue to be your friend. Rather she can go and get a nicer person than your self!! Her psychological expectation is that you should tell her that you could never survive without her companionship so that she could have some grip on this life and meaning to live on with you a good friend!.

At the same time her self-esteem shall not be questioned for begging some one’s love towards her!!.
Superiority complex and inferiority complex, both are same only in a single coin but placed back to back in position. One who poses herself superior, feels inwardly that she is inferior to others, but acting in the other way!

Solution is…if you can find out a good psychologist who knows hypnotherapy very well, who only can help her to go in to her sub conscious mind and eliminate some unwanted datas imprinted in the past and in turn can implant some positive suggestions permanently inside her inner mind.   

And, NOW look in to your self that is it really necessary to repair and re repair an half the quality machine, for the sake of some real worthiness in it. If at all some reason beyond your intellect and only known for your heart then go ahead and continue your friendship. Because, for certain relationship we can never say any logical justifications but only our Soul may feel it!!

 -Yozen Balki

Top 10 Positive Psychology Books

By |2019-09-08T16:12:41+05:30June 11th, 2009|psychology, Uncategorized|

The Top 10 Book list was compiled by Positive Psychology expert Ben Dean, PhD and actually includes 11 titles (now that’s positive thinking!). Positive psychology is the scientific study of optimal human functioning, in short human happiness. The books below represent in Dean’s opinion the best cross-section of books on the subject. (Links to Amazon are provided.)

1. Viktor Frankl’s Man’s Search for Meaning
My father was a prisoner of war in Japan during World War II, so I’ve always had a special interest in Frankl’s moving account of his own experience as a prisoner in Auschwitz. This book describes these experiences and then his approach to therapy (logotherapy) which is based on his assumption that our deepest desire is to find meaning and purpose in life. I now believe that Frankl’s striking ability to surmount his concentration camp experience was due, in part, to a an unusually strong genetic predisposition toward hope and optimism.
2. Martin E. P. Seligman’s Authentic Happiness: Using the New Positive Psychology to Realize Your Potential for Lasting Fulfillment
Marty Seligman, Ph.D. is the founding father of Positive Psychology with an extraordinary bio which you can peruse at www.authentichappiness.org. In this book he integrates theory and research to map out how to lead a life of positive emotion, engagement, and meaning. Use this book in conjunction with the assessments at www.authentichappiness.org. (If you don’t already have Marty’s Learned Optimism or The Optimistic Child, then I recommend adding these classics to your positive psychology library as well.)
3. C. R. Snyder and Shane Lopez’s Handbook of Positive Psychology
Published in 2001, the “Handbook” was the first systematic attempt to bring together the leading scholars in the, then, emerging field of positive psychology. Begins with an historical overview by Seligman. Ends assertively with “The Future of Positive Psychology: A Declaration of Independence.” Essential for any positive psychology library.
4. Lisa Aspinwall and Ursula Staudinger’s A Psychology of Human Strengths: Fundamental Questions and Future Directions for a Positive Psychology
If I were teaching a positive psychology class, this would be the textbook. The editors ask chapter contributors (including Daniel Kahneman, Walter Mischel, Robert Sternberg, Carol Ryff, and Alice Isen) to comment on the “potentials and pitfalls” of a psychology of human strengths.
5. Christopher Peterson and Martin E.P. Seligman’s Character Strengths and Virtues: A Handbook and Classification
The CSV, sometimes dubbed the “UnDSM is *the* must-have book for anyone interested in coaching and positive psychology. Each chapter is devoted to one of 24 Strengths–strengths such as curiosity, wisdom, zest, forgiveness, and gratitude. Once you or your clients take the VIA Strengths Survey at www.authentichappiness.org, look up your signature strengths in the Handbook.
6. Alex Linley and Stephen Joseph’s Positive Psychology in Practice
This is another must-have book for coaches. Rich with edited chapters by some of the leading figures in positive psychology who outline the implications of their work for practice. Filled with interesting ideas. In its foreword, Marty Seligman writes: “This volume is the cutting edge of positive psychology and the emblem of its future.”
7. Abraham H. Maslow’s Toward a Psychology of Being, 3rd Edition
Maslow has been called the grandfather of positive psychology. In this classic work (first published in 1968), Maslow writes about values, growth, well-being, peak experiences, and self-actualization.
8. Karen Reivich and Andrew Shatte’s The Resilience Factor: 7 Keys to Finding Your Inner Strength and Overcoming Life’s Hurdles
From the country’s preeminent resilience research team, psychologists Karen Reivich and Andrew Shatte. This book is superb. With an impressive integration of theory and research, it offers seven practical strategies that have been proven to increase people’s capacity to overcome adversity, negotiate daily obstacles, and bounce back from life-altering events. Highly recommended.
9. Marcus Buckingham and Donald O. Clifton’s Now, Discover Your Strengths
This is a must-read if you work with clients in business settings. Marcus Buckingham (author of First, Break All the Rules) and the late Don Clifton, Chair of the Gallup International Research & Education Center), call for a “strengths revolution” in the workplace. Their premise is that employees and managers can be much more effective at work and in life by building on their strengths (rather than working on their weaknesses). Their “StrengthsFinder”survey provides a nice complement to the VIA Strengths Survey.
10. Geoffrey Miller’s The Mating Mind: How Sexual Choice Shaped the Evolution of Human Nature
This is the most provocative book on the list. Evolutionary Psychologist Geoffrey Miller presents a compelling argument that character strengths such as creativity, humor, kindness, and leadership were shaped through sexual selection.
Finally, in the spirit of Positive Psychology, let me add an 11th book to my top ten list–a classic that should be on your bookshelf:
11. Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi’s Flow: The Psychology of Optimal Experience
As you know, “flow” is the state in which we are so completely absorbed in a task that we barely notice the passage of time. According to Csikszentmihalyi (and the research he presents), the more challenging, flow-inducing activities we can introduce into our lives, the happier we are. Among other excellent books by Csikszentmihalyi is Finding Flow and Creativity. He also wrote a book with Howard Gardner and William Damon called Good Work that explores what it means to do socially responsible, excellent work.
A personal note: At one time, I thought “flow” was an either-or state. You were either in flow or not in flow. In fact, it’s more accurate to view it as a continuum. On a ten-point scale, you could be at four, at seven, at nine, and so on.
The first time I heard Marty (Seligman) speak, he shared a mnemonic to help remember how Csikszentmihalyi’s name is pronounced. Touch your “cheeks.” Then think (drugs) “sent me high”. So it’s “cheeks-sent-me-high” I still can’t spell his name, but I can finally pronounce it.
Courtesy: Web World

 

“FEAR” quotations !

By |2015-02-23T12:13:42+05:30June 11th, 2009|psychology, Uncategorized|

“The only thing we have to fear is fear itself – nameless, unreasoning, unjustified, terror which paralyzes needed efforts to convert retreat into advance.”
—- FDR – First Inaugural Address, March 4, 1933


“One of the things which danger does to you after a time is -, well, to kill emotion. I don’t think I shall ever feel anything again except fear. None of us can hate anymore – or love.”
—- Graham Greene – The Confidential Agent (1939)“What are fears but voices airy?
Whispering harm where harm is not.
And deluding the unwary
Till the fatal bolt is shot!”
—- Wordsworth

“Fear – jealousy – money – revenge – and protecting someone you love.”
—- Frederick Knott – Max Halliday, listing the five important motives for murder, Dial M for Murder (1952)

“What potions have I drunk of Siren tears,
Distill’d from limbecks foul as hell within,
Applying fears to hopes, and hopes to fears,
Still losing when I saw myself to win!”
—- Will – Sonnets

“Fear is a tyrant and a despot, more terrible than the rack, more potent than the snake.”
—- Edgar Wallace – The Clue of the Twisted Candle (1916)

“- Tush! Tush! Fear little boys with bugs.”
—- Will – The Taming of the Shrew

“All of us are born with a set of instinctive fears–of falling, of the dark, of lobsters, of falling on lobsters in the dark, or speaking before a Rotary Club, and of the words “Some Assembly Required.”
—- Dave Barry

“Am I afraid of high notes? Of course I am afraid. What sane man is not?”
—- Luciano Pavarotti

“Fear makes the wolf bigger than he is.”
—- German Proverb

“Men fear death as children fear to go in the dark.”
—- Francis Bacon


“The oldest and strongest emotion of mankind is fear.”
— H.P. Lovecraft

“In politics, what begins in fear usually ends in folly.”
—- Coleridge

“I must not fear. Fear is the mind-killer. Fear is the little-death that brings total obliteration. I will face my fear. I will permit it to pass over me and through me. And when it has gone past I will turn the inner eye to see its path. Where the fear has gone there will be nothing. Only I will remain.”
— Frank Herbert, Dune – Bene Gesserit Litany Against Fear

“A man who has been in danger,
When he comes out of it forgets his fears,
And sometimes he forgets his promises.”
—- Euripides – Iphigenia in Tauris (414-12 BC) “He either fears his fate too much,Or his deserts are small,
That puts it not unto the touch
To win or lose it all”
—- James Graham – Marquis of Montrose

“I have almost forgot the taste of fears.
The time has been my senses would have cool’d
To hear a night shriek, and my fell of hair
Would at a dismal treatise rouse and stir
As life were in’t. I have supp’d full with horrors;
Direness, familiar to my slaughterous thoughts,
Cannot once start me.”
—- Will – Macbeth “Being frightened is an experience you can’t buy.”—- Anthony Price – Sion Crossing (1984) “What we fear comes to pass more speedily than what we hope.”—- Publilius Syrus – Moral Sayings (1st C B.C.) “Solitude scares me. It makes me think about love, death, and war. I need distraction from anxious, black thoughts.”

—- Brigitte Bardot “Why are we scared to die? Do any of us remember being scared when we were born?”

—- Trevor Kay “A good scare is worth more to a man than good advice.”

—- Edgar Watson Howe – Country Town Sayings (1911) Courage is not the lack of fear but the ability to face it.”

—- Lt. John B. Putnam Jr. (1921-1944)